Red Cross

This page lists of the various symbols in the Red Cross group.

The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is the world's largest group of humanitarian non-governmental organizations. The Movement is composed of the following bodies:

* The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), a committee of Swiss nationals based in Geneva, Switzerland, which leads the international movement and which has special responsibilities under international humanitarian law.

* The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), which is the composed body of all the National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and was established to coordinate international relief actions and promote humanitarian activities.

* The 187 individual National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies members of the Federation.

Symbols in this group:

Red Crescent

During the Russo-Turkish War from 1876 to 1878, the Ottoman Empire used a Red Crescent instead of the Red Cross because its government believed that the cross would alienate its Muslim soldiers.

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Red Cross

The Red Cross on white background was the original protection symbol declared at the 1864 Geneva Convention.

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Red Crystal

Because of the controversy over Israel's national society Magen David Adom and a number of other disputes, the introduction of an additional neutral protection symbol had been under discussion for a number of years, with the Red Crystal (previously referred to as the Red Lozenge or Red Diamond) being the most popular proposal.

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Red Lion with Sun

From 1924 to 1980, Iran used a Red Lion with Sun symbol for its national society, the Red Lion and Sun Society, based on the flag and emblem of the Qajar Dynasty.

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    "Red Cross Symbols." STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 20 Jun 2024. <>.

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