This is the most common
graph for the sign of Capricorn, the Goat. Another common graph for this zodiac sign is
. The symbol for the sign of Capricorn is a
mountain goat with a dolphin's or mermaid's tail, signifying
extremes of height and depth.
The sun, , enters this part of the zodiac around December 21 and exits around January 20. As with all the zodiac signs Capricorn signifies both this time period each year, and the part of space against which the sun is seen moving during that time period. In the Scandinavian countries, Christmas is a Christian adaptation of an old Nordic new year feast, the yule, celebrating the longest night and the return of the sun with offerings of gifts to one another and pagan sacrificial rites. The yule was an astrologically important happening. The winter solstice marked the end of the old and the beginning of the new solar year. The first moon, or month, of the new year was that of Capricorn. That is the reason why even today one of the most common Christmas symbols in Scandinavia is a goat made of straw, the yule buck, symbol of the zodiac sign of the goat. This is a remnant of the old polytheistic religion that was replaced around the year A.D. 1000 by Christianity in a violent overthrowing of the old order (almost all treasures from the so-called Viking Age found buried in the fields are from these revolutionary years). It was not until well after 1000 A.D. that the peoples of Scandinavia started to count time from the birth of Christ, and in centuries. Before, the course of times was measured in solar cycles of 28 years, approximately one Saturn cycle (when in the Julian calendar a certain week day of the seven day week again occurred at the same date).
The sign belongs to the cardinal quality or quadruplicity together with , Aries, , Cancer, and , Libra. These four zodiac signs have in common the fact that their beginnings coincide with the equinoxes and solstices. The natives of the cardinal signs, symbolized by , are the instigators of activity, initiators motivated by an inner ambition.
The sign belongs, together with Virgo, , and Taurus, , to the astrological element of earth, . This means that , according to astrologers, is characterized by being practical, having good common sense and both feet on the ground. The earthy individual relates to the world via the senses instead of ideas, (air, ); intuitively perceived potentialities for self-aggrandizement, (fire, ); or emotions, (water, ). For more information on the astrological element of earth, look up in Group 49.
The mountain goat symbolizing is an animal found high up in the Alps, fearlessly climbing with a sure footing. The Capricorn individual uses, in the same way, all possible resources to reach the top. Astrologers claim that Capricorn types are creatures of habit who find it difficult to change a way of living once it has been established. The keywords for Capricorn individuals are ambition, realism, hard work, and ability to find constructive solutions to problems encountered.
Anatomically Capricorn represents the knees, but also other very hard bodily structures that give stability and firmness to the body.
In the world represents permanent structures such as the state, large firms, and bureaucratic organizations in general.
The ruling planet of Capricorn is , Saturn. This planet has since ancient times been associated with permanent structures: the teeth and the skeleton in the human body; discipline, duty, responsibility, and self- discipline in individual psychology; and buildings, construction work and earth-moving equipment in everyday living.
The planet is considered well placed in , and so is . The moon, , and Jupiter, , however, have difficulties expressing their energies in this sign.
In mundane astrology is the ruler of such countries as Albania, Greece (certain parts), Bulgaria, Afghanistan, Mexico, and India. Capricorn cities are Oxford, Brussels, New Delhi and Port Said. Hindus and Jews are considered to be closely related to .
The sign was used in alchemy to denote fermentatio, i.e. the process of fermentation.