The antifa movement in the United States is a militant, predominantly left-wing, anti-fascist political activist movement that comprises autonomous activist groups that aim to achieve their political objectives through the use of direct action rather than through policy reform. Activists engage in varied protest tactics, including digital activism, property damage and physical violence, and harassment against those whom they identify as fascist, racist, or on the far-right.
Many modern Antifa groups have adopted variants of the aesthetics of the original Antifa movement of 1932–1933; most use a modified variant of its logo, originally designed by Max Gebhard and Max Keilson for the Communist Party of Germany. Sometimes the name of the historical organisation is also included on banners and other imagery, although it does not form an extant organisation. While the original logo of Antifaschistische Aktion featured two red flags representing communism and socialism, modern Antifa logos since the 1980s usually feature a black flag representing anarchism and autonomism in addition to the red flag.
The modern Antifa logo is based on the logo of the historical first incarnation, but in contrast to the original logo with two red flags that represented communism and socialism, a black flag representing anarchism and autonomism was added in the 1980s