The same structure as above but placed vertically is an old British
marine sign for dead flat, the widest part of a ship's hull. This sign
is a combination of the common part of two partly joined circles:
. Dead flat could also be drawn .
Compare with found in an African sign system meaning married couple or wedlocked love.
According to E. Zehren (see "Bibliography" in the Appendices) is the ing rune, a divine sign used by the Germanic tribes Ingveons, Cimbrians, and Teutons. It was these peoples' ideogram for the moon god that graphically unites the new and the waning moon, and .